.

References to caterpillar sociality

 

Balfour-Browne, F. 1925. The evolution of social life among caterpillars. III Inter Cong Entomol Zurich: 334-339.

Balfour-Browne, F. 1933. The life-history of the "small eggar moth," Eriogaster lanestris. L Proc Zool Soc Lond: 161-180.

Berger, E. W. 1906. Observations upon the migrating, feeding, and nesting habits of the fall webworm (Hyphantria cunea Dru.) Bull. 60 Bur. of Ent. U.S.D.A.:41-65.

Breuer, M., and Devoka, B. 1990. Studies on the importance of nest temperature of Thaumetopoea pityoc ampa (Den.& Schiff.) (Lep., Thaumetopoeidae). J. Appl. Entomol 109: 331-335.

Cannon, W. N. 1985. Social feeding behavior of Hyphantria cunea larvae (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) in multiple choice experiments. Great Lakes Entomol 18: 79-80.

Capinera, J. L.  l980.  A trail pheromone from the silk produced by larvae of the range caterpillar Hemileuca olivae- (Lepidoptera : Saturnidae) and observations on aggregration behavior. J Chem Ecol 3: 655 - 644 .

Capinera, J. L., Weiner, L. F., and Anamosa, P. R. 1980.  Behavioral thermoregulation by late-instar range caterpillar larvae Hemileuca oliviae Cockerell (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae).  J Kansas Entomol Soc  53: 631-638.

Casey, T. M., Joos B., Fitzgerald T. D., Yurlina, M. E., and Young, P. A. 1988. Synchronized group foraging, thermoregulation, and growth of eastern tent caterpillars in relation to microclimate. Physiol Zool 61: 372-377.

Casey, T. M., B. Joos, T. D. Fitzgerald, M. Yurlona, and  P. Young. 1988. Group foraging, thermoregulation, and growth of eastern tent caterpillars in relation to microclimate. Physiol. Zool. 61: 372-377.

Casey, T. M., Knapp R. 1987.  Caterpillar thermal adaptation: behavioral differences reflect metabolic thermal sensitivities. Comp. Biochem. Physiol 86a: 679-682.

Cornell, J. C., Stamp, N. E., and Bowers, M. D.  1987.  Developmental change in aggregation, defense and escape behavior of buckmoth caterpillars, Hemileuca lucina (Saturniidae).  Behav Ecol Sociobiol  20: 383-388.

Costa, J. T., and Pierce, N. E. 1997. Social evolution in the Lepidoptera: ecological context and communication in larval societies. In: JC Choe, BJ Crespi (eds): The Evolution of Social Behavior in Insects and Arachnids. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 407-422.

Costa, J. T., and Ross, K. G. 1993. Seasonal decline in intracolony genetic relatedness in eastern tent caterpillars: implications for social evolution. Behav Ecol Sociobiol 32: 47-54.

Costa, J. T., and Fitzgerald, T. D. 1996.  Developments in social terminology: semantic battles in a conceptual war. Trends Ecol Evol 11: 285-289.

Costa, J. T., T. D. Fitzgerald, and D. H. Janzen.  2001.  Trail-following behavior and natural history of the social caterpillar of Arsenura armida in Costa Rica
(Lepdioptera: Saturniidae: Arsenurinae).  Tropical Lepidoptera  12: 17-23.

Costa, J.T.  2003.  Teaching Darwin with Darwin.  BioScience  53: 1030-1031.

Costa, J.T. 1997. Caterpillars as social insects. American Scientist  85: 150-159.

Costa, J.T. 1998. Social behavior and its effects on colony and microgeographic genetic structure in phytophagous insect populations. pp. 205-238 In: Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations.  S. Mopper and S. Strauss, eds.  New York: Chapman & Hall.

Costa, J.T. and K.G. Ross.  1994.  Hierarchical genetic structure and gene flow patterns in macrogeographic populations of the eastern tent caterpillar (Malacosoma americanum). Evolution  48: 1158-1167.

Costa, J.T. and K.G. Ross.  2003.  Fitness effects of group merging in a social insect.  Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, B  270: 1697-1702.

Costa, J.T. and R.W. Louque.  2001.  Group foraging and trail following behavior of the red-headed pine sawfly Neodiprion lecontei (Fitch) (Hymenoptera:
Symphyta: Diprionidae).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America  94: 480-489.

Costa, J.T.  1993.  Larval ontogeny and survivorship of eastern tent caterpillar colonies.  Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera  32: 89-98.

Costa, J.T.  2002.  Scale models?  What insect societies teach us about ourselves.  Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society  146: 170-180.

Costa, J.T., D.A. Gotzek, and D.H. Janzen.  Late-instar shift in foraging strategy and trail-pheromone use by caterpillars of the Neotropical moth Arsenura armida
(Cramer) (Saturniidae: Arsenurinae).  Journal of the Lepidopterist's Society, in press.

Costa, J.T., J.H. McDonald, and N.E. Pierce. 1996. The effect of ant association on the population genetics of the Australian lycaenid butterfly, Jalmenus evagoras. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society  58: 287-306.

Costa, J.T., T.D. Fitzgerald, A. Pescador-Rubio, J. Mays, and D. Janzen.  2004.  Social behavior of larvae of the Neotropical processionary weevil Phelypera distigma (Boheman) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Hyperinae).  Ethology  110: 515-530.

Crump, D., Silverstein, R. M., Williams, H. J., and Fitzgerald, T. D. 1987. Identification of the trail pheromone of the eastern tent caterpillar Malacosoma americanum (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). J. Chem. Ecol.13: 397-402.

Dunn, L. H. 1917. The coconut tree caterpillar (Brassolis isthmia) of  Panama. J Econ Entomol 10: 473-488.

Edgerly, J. S., and Fitzgerald, T. D. 1982. An investigation of behavioral variability in within colonies of the eastern tent caterpillar Malacosoma americanum (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) J  Kan  Entomol Soc 55: 145-155.

Fiedler, K., and Ruf, C. 2003. Araschnia levana larvae (Lep., Nymphalidae) do not accept Humulus lupulus (Cannabaceae) as food plant. Nota lepidopterologica 25(4), 265-266.

Fitzgerald,  T. D. 1980.  An analysis of daily foraging patterns of laboratory colonies of the eastern tent caterpillar, Malacosoma americanum (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae), recorded photoelectronically. Can Ent 112: 731-738.

Fitzgerald, T. D. 1993.  Trail and arena marking by caterpillars of Archips cerasivoranus (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). J Chem Ecol: 19:1479-1489

Fitzgerald, T. D. 1995.  The Tent Caterpillars. Cornell University Press, Ithaca

Fitzgerald, T. D. 2001. Night Life of Social Caterpillars. Natural History 110: 38-42.

Fitzgerald, T. D.  1993.  Social Caterpillars.  In: NE Stamp, TM Casey (eds): Caterpillars: ecological and evolutionary constraints on foraging. Chapman and Hall, New York,  372-403.

Fitzgerald, T. D., Casey, T., and Joos, B.  1988.  Daily foraging schedule of field colonies of the eastern tent caterpillar Malacosoma americanum. Oecologia 76: 574-578.

Fitzgerald, T. D., and Costa JT 1986. Trail-based communication and foraging behavior of young colonies of the forest tent caterpillar Malacosoma disstria Hubn. (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Ann Entomol Soc Am 79: 999 -1007.

Fitzgerald, T. D., Peterson, S. C. 1983. Elective recruitment communication by the eastern tent caterpillar (Malacosoma americanum). Anim Behav 31: 417-42.

Fitzgerald, T. D., and Underwood, D. L. A. 1998. Communal foraging behavior and recruitment communication in Gloveria sp. (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). J Chem Ecol 24:1381-1396

Fitzgerald, T. D., and Underwood, D. L. A. 1998. Trail marking by the larva of the Madrone butterfly Eucheira socialis and the role of the trail pheromone in communal foraging behavior. J Insect Behav 11: 247-263.

Fitzgerald, T. D., and Webster, F. X.  1993.  Identification and behavioural assays of the trail pheromone of the forest tent caterpilllar Malacosoma disstria Hübner (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Can J Zool 71: 1511-1515.

Fitzgerald, T. D., and Willer, D. E.  1983.  Tent-building behavior of the eastern tent caterpillar Malacosoma ameri canum (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). J Kans Entomol Soc 56: 20-31.

Fitzgerald, T. D., and Peterson, S. C. 1988. Cooperative foraging and communication in social caterpillars. BioScience 38: 20-25.

Fitzgerald, T. D., and Visscher C. R. 1996.  Foraging behavior and growth of isolated larvae of the social caterpillar Malacosoma ame ricanum. Entomol Exp App.  81: 293-299.

Fitzgerald, T. D. 1976. Trail marking by larvae of the eastern tent caterpillar. Science 194: 961-93.

Fitzgerald, T. D. and J. T. Costa. 1999. Collective behavior in social caterpillars. In C. Detrain, J. L.Deneubourg, and J. M. Pasteels (eds.) Information processing in social insects. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel, 379-400.

Fitzgerald, T. D.  2003.  Mid-winter foraging of colonies of the pine processionary caterpillar Thaumetopoea pityocampa schiff. (Thaumetopoeidae). J. Lepidop. Soc 57: 161-167.

Fitzgerald, T. D. 1982.  Exploration and recruitment trail marking by eastern tent caterpillars. Pages 111 - 119 in Insect Behavior: a source book of laboratory and field exercises. J. R. Matthews and R. W. Matthews eds.  Westview Press, Boulder Colorado.

Fitzgerald, T. D. 1983.  Caterpillar on a silken thread. Nat. Hist. 92: 56-63.

Fitzgerald, T. D. 1993. Trail following and recruitment: response of eastern tent caterpillar Malacosoma americanum to 5b-cholestane-3-24-dione and 5b-cholestan-3-one. J. Chem. Ecol. 19:449-457.

Fitzgerald, T. D. 1995.  Caterpillars roll their own. Natural History Magazine 104:30-37.

Fitzgerald, T. D. and A. Pescador-Rubio. 2002.  Trail marking, trail following and source of the trail pheromone of the processionary caterpillar Hylesia lineata Druce (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). J. Insect Behavior. 15: 659-674.

Fitzgerald, T. D. and D. L. Underwood. 2000. Winter foraging patterns and voluntary hypothermia in the social caterpillar Eucheira socialis. Ecological Entomology 25:1-10.

Fitzgerald, T. D. and Edgerly, J. S. 1982. Site of secretion of the trail marker of the eastern tent caterpillar. J. Chem. Ecol. 8: 31-39.

Fitzgerald, T. D. and F. X. Webster. 1993. Identification and behavioral assays of the trail pheromone of the forest tent caterpillar Malacosoma disstria Hubner (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Can. J. Zool. 71:1511-1515.

Fitzgerald, T. D. and Gallagher, E. M. 1976. A chemical trail factor from the silk of the eastern tent caterpillar Malacosoma americanum ( Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae ). J. Chem. Ecol.2: 564-574.

Fitzgerald, T. D., and Edgerly, J. S. l979.  Specificity of trail markers of forest and eastern tent caterpillars. J. Chem. Ecol. 5: 564-574.

Fitzgerald, T. D., K. Clark, R. Vanderpool and C. Phillips. 1991. Leaf shelter-building caterpillars harness forces generated by axial retraction of stretched and wetted silk. J. Insect Behav. 4: 21-32.

Fitzgerald, T. D., K. Clark. 1994. Analysis of leaf-rolling behavior of Caloptilia serotinella (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae). J. Insect. Behav.7: 859-872.

Fitzgerald, T. D., P. M. Jeffers, and D. Mantella. 2002. Depletion of host derived cyanide in the gut of the eastern tent caterpillar, Malacosoma americanum. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:257-268.

Fitzgerald, T. D., Pescador-Rubio, A., and J. T.  Costa, M. Turna.  2004.  Trail Making and Processionary behavior of the larvae of the weevil Phelypera distigma (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J. Insect Behavior 17:627-646.

Fitzgerald, T.D. and Edgerly, J.S. l979.  Exploration and recruitment in field colonies of the eastern tent caterpillar. J. Georgia Entomol. Soc. l4: 312-314.

Floater, G. J. 1996.  Estimating movements of the processionary caterpillar Ochrogaster lunifer Herrich-Schaffer (Lepidoptera: Thaumetopoeidae) between discrete resource patches. Aust J Entomol 35: 279-283.

Flowers, R.W. and J.T. Costa.  2003.  Larval communication and group foraging dynamics in the red-headed pine sawfly, Neodiprion lecontei (Fitch) (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Diprionidae).  Annals of the Entomological Society of America  96: 336-343.

Ghent, A. W. 1960.  A study o f the group-feeding behaviour of the jack pine sawfly Neodiprion pratti banksianae Roh.  Behaviour 16: 110-148

Joos B, Casey T. M., Fitzgerald, T. D., and Buttemer, W. A.  1988.  Roles of the tent in behavioral thermoregulation of eastern tent caterpillars.  Ecology  69: 2004-2011

Kevan, P. G., Bye, R. A.  1991.  The natural history, sociobiology, and ethnobiology of Eucheira socialis Westwood (Lepidoptera: Pieridae), a unique and little-known butterfly from Mexico.  The Entomologist  110: 146-165.

Knapp , R., Casey, T. M.  1986.  Activity patterns, behavior, and growth in gypsy moth and eastern tent caterpillars.  Ecology  67: 598-608

Lawrence, W. S. 1990. The effects of group size and host species on development and survivorship of a gregarious caterpillar Halisidota caryae (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae)  Ecol En tomol 15: 53-62.

Long, D. B. 1953. Effects of population density on larvae of Lepidoptera. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. London 104:533-585.

Long, D. B. 1955. Observations on subsocial behaviour in two species of larvae, Pieris brassicae L. and Plusia gamma L. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. London 106:421-437.

Lyons, L. A. 1962. The effect of aggregation on egg and larval survival in Neodiprion swainei Midd (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae)  Can Ent 94: 49-58.

Mills, M. B. 1951. Bag-shelter caterpillars and their habits. W. Austr. Natur.3: 61-67.

Morris, R. F. 1976. Relation of parasite attack to the colonial habit of Hyphantria cunea. Can ent 108: 833-836.

Mosebach-Pukowski, E. 1938. Über die Raupengesellschaften von Vanessa io und Vanessa urticae. Z.Morphol Ökol Tiere 33: 358-380 .

Myers, J. H., and Smith J. N. M.  1978.  Head flicking by tent caterpillars: a defensive response to parasite sounds.  Can J Zool  56: 1628-1631.

Panades, Xavier. 2000. An initial study of the building of the Thaumetopoea pityocampa communal nest. http://www.iicasaninet.net/pub/sanveg/pdf/t_pityocampa.pdf

Peterson, S. C.  1987.  Communication of leaf suit ability by gregarious eastern tent caterpillars (Malacosoma americanum). Ecol Entomol 12: 283-289.

Peterson, S. C., Johnson, N. D., and LeGuyader, J. L.  1987.  Defensive regurgitation of allelochemicals derived from host cyanogenesis by eastern tent caterpillars.  Ecology  68: 1268-1272.

Peterson, S. C. and T. D. Fitzgerald. 1991.  Chemoorientation of eastern tent caterpillars to trail pheromone 5bcholestane-3-24-dione. J. Chem. Ecol. 17: 1963-1972.

Peterson, S. C. 1988. Chemical trail marking and following by caterpillars of Malacosoma neustria. J. Chem. Ecol. 14: 815-823.

Porter, A. H., Geiger, H., Underwood, D. L. A., Llorente-Bousquets, J., and Shapiro, A. M. 1997. Relatedness and population differentiation in a colony of the butterfly Eucheria socialis (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). Ann Entomol Soc Am 90: 230-236.

Porter, K. 1982.  Basking behaviour in larvae of the butterfly Euphydryas aurina Oikos 38: 308-312.

Roessingh, P.  1989.  The trail following behaviour of Yponomeuta cagnagell us. Entomol exp appl 51: 49-57.

Roessingh, P.  1990.  Chemical marker from silk of Yponomeuta cagnagellus. J Chem Ecol 16: 2203-2216.

Roessingh, P. Peterson, S. C., and Fitzgerald, T. D.  1988.  The sensory basis of trail following in some lepidopterous larave: contact chemoreception. Physiol Entomol 13: 219-224.

Ruf, C. and K. Fiedler. 2000. Thermal gains through collective metabolic heat production in social caterpillars of Eriogaster lanestris. Naturwissenschaften 87: 193-196.

Ruf, C., Costa, J. T., and Fiedler, K.  2001.  Trail-based Communication in Social Caterpillars of Eriogaster lanestris (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Journal of
 Insect Behavior 14, 231-245.

Ruf, C., and Fiedler, K.  2000.  Trail following as a rare phenomenon among non-social lappet moth larvae (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Entomologia
generalis 25, 17-25.

Ruf, C., and Fiedler, K. 2002.  Plasticity in foraging patterns of colonies of the small eggar moth, Eriogaster lanestris (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Oecologia
131, 626-634.

Ruf, C., and Fiedler, K. 2005.  Colony survivorship of social caterpillars in the field: A case study of the small eggar moth (Lep., Lasiocampidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 38, 15-25.

 Ruf, C., and Fiedler, K. 2002.  Tent-based thermoregulation in social caterpillars of Eriogaster lanestris (Lep., Lasiocampidae): Behavioral mechanisms and
 physical features of the tent. Journal of Thermal Biology 27, 493-501.

Ruf, C., Freese, A., and Fiedler, K. 2003.  Larval sociality in three species of central-place foraging lappet moths (Lasiocampidae): A comparative survey. Zoologischer Anzeiger 242, 209-222.

Ruf, C., Kornmaier, B.,  and Fiedler, K. 2001.  Continuous long-term monitoring of daily foraging patterns in three species of lappet moth caterpillars
(Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Nota lepidopterologica 24, 87-99.

Seymour, R. 1974.  Convective and evaporative cooling in sawfly larvae.  J Insect Physiol 20: 2447-2457

Shiga, M.  1976.   Effect of group size on the survival and development of young larvae of Malacosoma neustria testacea Motschulsky (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) and its role in the natural population. Kontyu 44: 537-553

Snodgrass, R. E. 1923.  The fall webworm.  Ann. Rep. Smithsonian Institution 1921: 396-414.

Stamp N. E.  1980.   Egg deposition patterns in butterflies: why do some species cluster their eggs rather than deposit them singly? Am Nat 115: 367-380.

Stamp N. E.  1981.   Effect of group size on parasitism in a natural population of the Baltimore checkerspot Euphydryas phaeton.  Oe cologia  49: 201-206.

Sugimoto T. 1962.  Influences of individuals in aggregation or isolation on the development and survival of larvae of Artona funeralis. Jap. J. Appl. Ent. Zool 6: 196-199.

Sullivan C. R., and Green G. W. 1950.  Reactions of the eastern tent caterpillar Malacosoma americanum (F.), and the spotless fall webworm Hyphantria textor Harr., to pentatomid predators. Can ent 82: 52-53.

Talhouk A. S.  1975.  Contributions to the knowledge of almond pests in east Medeterranean countries. I. Notes on Eriogaster amygdali Wilts. (Lepid., Lasiocampidae) with a description of a new subspecies by E.P. Wiltshire. Z. ang. Ent 78: 306-312.

Travis, H.  2003.  Pheromone Caterpillar Trails: An Easy Lab Exercise for the Classroom
The American Biology Teacher  65: 456-461.

Tsubaki Y. 1981.  Some beneficial effects of aggregation in young larvae of Pryeria sinica Moore (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae). Res Pop Ecol 23: 156-167

Underwood, D. L. A. and A. M . Shapiro. 1999.  Evidence for division of labor in the social caterpillar Eucheira socialis (Pieridae: Lepidoptera). Behav. Ecol. and Sociobiol. 46: 228-236.

Underwood, D. L. A. and A. M. Shapiro. 1999.  A male-biased primary sex ratio and larval mortality in
Eucheira socialis  (Pieridae: Lepidoptera). Evol. Ecol. Res. 1: 703-717.

Watanabe N., and Umeya, K. 1968.  Biology of Hyphantria cune a Drury (Lepidoptera:Arctiidae) in Japan: IV Effects of group size on survival and growth of larvae. Jpn Plant Prot Serv Res Bull 6: 1-6.

Wellington W. G.  1957.  Individual differences as a factor in population dynamics: the development of a problem Can J Zool 38: 289-314

Zanetti, R., E. F. Vilela, J. C. Zanuncio and J. I. L. Moura. 1999.  Busqueda de alkimento y maracacion de trillo por larvas de Brassolis Sophorae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) en condiciones naturales. Journal of Tropical Biology 47: 1035-1038